Posted on March 29 2016
1 in 5 Americans and 1 in 3 Caucasians will develop skin cancer over the course of a lifetime. More than 90% of all skin cancers are caused by sun exposure. A person’s risk for skin cancer doubles if he or she has had five or more sunburns.
What is A Tan?
In scientific terms, this means ultraviolet light is penetrating the epidermis causing the skin to react by producing melanin which is a suntan. It is actually the opposite of healthy as in the long term, it changes skin texture, wrinkling, age spots or most drastically, skin cancer.
What is SPF?
SPF stands for sun protection factor. Sunscreens are classified by an SPF number which refers to their ability to deflect UVB rays.
SPF rating is calculated by comparing the amount of time needed to burn sunscreen-protected skin vs. unprotected skin. So if a person who might typically burn after 10 minutes in the sun puts on SPF 15, they have 15 times longer, or 150 minutes for a sunburn to occur.
Keep in mind that everyone should be applying sunscreen every two hours and it also depends on whether your sunscreen is water resistant or not – and for how long (40min vs 80min).
Keep in mind though, the increase from 30 to 50 level SPF provides only 2% more UV protection.
UVA + UVB: What Does Broad Spectrum Mean?
The sunlight that reaches us is made up of two types of harmful rays: long wave ultraviolet A (UVA) and short wave ultraviolet B (UVB). Basically, UVA rays can age us and UVB rays can burn us.
UVA rays penetrate deep into the dermis, the skin’s thickest layer. Unprotected exposure can lead to premature skin aging and suppression of the immune system. UVA can lead to skin cancer when your immune system is down. Again, sunscreen for babies is key here because they have not built an immune system like adults.
UVB rays will usually burn the superficial layers of your skin. The intensity of UVB rays vary by season, location and time of day. It can cause permanent damage to skin over time, particularly baby, newborn and infant skin.
Zinc is one of the only ingredients that covers the full broadband protection of all UVA & UVB rays on its own. Other active sunscreen ingredients need to be combines to get the full broadband protection.
When you have babies and kids with softer immune systems and very sensitive skin, it is imperative to protect their very sensitive skin by applying sunscreen for babies often and in large quantities. However, as mandated by the FDA, always consult a doctor if you are planning to use sunscreen for babies under 6 months or infant sunscreen.
Mineral/ Physical Sunscreen vs Chemical Sunscreen
Classic and Mineral Sunscreens are differentiated by their active sun protection ingredients. Classic sunscreens use chemical active ingredients designed to absorb and dissipate UVA/UVB rays, while Mineral sunscreens use mineral active ingredients such as Titanium Dioxide and Zinc Oxide to scatter and reflect UVA/UVB rays.
Mineral sunscreens are effective right after application while chemical sunscreens should be applied 30 minutes before sun exposure. These make highly effective sunscreens for babies.
What does non-nano mean?
A nano particle is the size of a particle. A nanoparticle is a particle smaller than 100 nanometers. A nano particle will enter the blood stream but a non-nano will not. For that reason, non-nano is much safer. Chemical sunscreens can enter the bloodstream and some of them have DNA altering ingredients.
Babo Botanicals uses a non-nano zinc oxide. It’s nano particles have been tested to be 700 nm so far more above 100nm.
We do strongly believe sunscreen is better than no sunscreen. We understand chemical sunscreens are less expensive because Zinc is one of the most expensive active ingredients to buy. Babo’s sunscreens are specially formulated for sensitive skin- perfect for baby sunscreen or sensitive skin. Not only they have non-nano zinc but are also packed with gentle organic ingredients that are soothing, moisturizing and fortified with anti-oxidants for complete skin protection.